Research Questions and Research Sources – First Draft Design Questions

Assignment 2: Research Questions and Sources - First Draft Design Questions, Thesis Studio 1, Uncategorized

Main Idea:

To create a fashionable alternative to provide immediate relief and long term review for millennials suffering from recurring low back pain originating from non-specific causes to be used while performing daily activities in environments outside of personal homes.

Research and Design Questions (Ranking and Grouping):

  • Concept
    1. How does fear-avoidance behavior affect low back pain?
    2. Does immediate pain relief alter fear-avoidance behavior in people?
    3. How does low back pain correlate with psychosocial factors?
    4. What is low back pain?
    5. What are the different types of low back pain?
    6. What are the causes of chronic low back pain?
    7. How can chronic low back pain be treated?
    8. How is chronic low back pain a disability?
    9. What is a disability?
    10. Can people suffering from chronic low back pain be considered ‘disabled’?
    11. Why are medical devices for low back pain considered as aid for the disabled?
  • Aesthetics
    1. Do millennials care about people’s perception about their medical conditions?
    2. Can medical devices for low back pain be fashionable?
    3. What categories of professions are involved in creating medical aids for low back pain?
    4. Do they have to wear a brace to be ‘disabled’?
    5. Why are medical devices for low back pain considered as aid for the disabled?
  • Audience Participation
    1. What kind of non-specific causes result in low-back pain?
    2. In what situations would the wearable solution be donned?
    3. Can a change in appearance of braces affect the way people feel about donning them?
    4. Do people with low back pain want a fashionable alternative to existing solutions?
    5. What are the immediate pain relief solutions deployed by people?
  • Technical Means of Creation
    1. What are the key factors considered while designing wearable solutions for low back pain?
    2. Can the solutions be made portable into a single wearable?
    3. Would a combination of compression and heat/cold provide immediate relief to low back pain?
    4. What kind of fabrics are suitable for compression?
    5. How can heating and cooling be included in wearables?
    6. Can body heat be used as a possible solution?

Key Qualities and Value:

  • Fashionable alternative
  • Combination of solutions
  • Sensory impairment
  • Multiple solutions
  • Wearable technology
  • Compression
  • Low back stability
  • Muscle memory and posture training
  • Habit development
  • Behavior analysis
  • Immediate pain relief
  • Millennials
  • Work environment
  • Functional clothing
  • Orthotics
  • Functional aesthetics
  • Fear-avoidance behavior

Tensions, contradictions, patterns:

  • People do not use braces or belts for support unless recommended by a doctor whereas, compression of the abdomen to the back eases pain easier and faster than physical therapy or the application of heating or cooling
  • Physical therapy needs commitment that not every millennial is willing to provide
  • There is awareness that wrong postures and sitting for long hours causes low back pain and while most newer solutions focus on preventing the pain from recurring, there is little done for the pain that is recurring and could be chronic

Experience:

People who use the wearable should experience ease of pain and reduction in recurrence with an increased commitment to improving their body posture.

Problem-solving:

The biggest cause of low back is non-specific causes, those that do not originate from any disease or injury. Such causes are difficult to identify and hence cannot be treated. People who identify with such pain resolve to popular suggestions of physical therapy, application of heat or cold and in rare cases use of belts for support. While physical therapy helps, it requires commitment. And heating or cooling is possible only with additional devices that are not easily portable. The aim is to create a fashionable alternative that millenials would we be willing to wear as daily attire and provides the compression needed to ease the pain and if possible include application of heat or cooling in the wearable itself.

 

Sources:

Adaptive technology versus assistive technology. in Assistive Tech [database online]. Web, 2016 [cited September 19 2016]. Available from http://www.assistivetech.com/adaptive-technology-versus-assistive-technology/.

Assistive technology. in Wikipedia [database online]. Web, 2016 [cited September 15 2016]. Available from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technology.

Cognitive psychology. in Wikipedia [database online]. Web, 2016 [cited September 20 2016]. Available from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_psychology.

Movement disorder. in Wikipedia [database online]. Web, 2016 [cited September 15 2016]. Available from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movement_disorder.

Orthotics. in Wikipedia [database online]. 2016 [cited September 15 2016]. Available from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthotics#Spinal_orthoses.

What is AT?. in Assistive Technology Industry Association [database online]. 2016 [cited September 19 2016]. Available from https://www.atia.org/at-resources/what-is-at/.

Back pain facts and statistics. in American Chiropractic Association [database online]. Web, [cited September 15 2016]. Available from http://www.acatoday.org/Patients/Health-Wellness-Information/Back-Pain-Facts-and-Statistics.

Ehrlich, George E. 2003. Low back painBulletin of the World Health Organization 81 (9): 671-6.

Elfering, Achim, Anne F. Mannion, Nicola Jacobshagen, Oezgue Tamcun, and Urs Miller. 2009. Beliefs about back pain predict the recovery rate over 52 consecutive weeksScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 35 (6) (November): 437-45.

Freeman, David. Top causes of chronic painWebmd.

Gupta, Deepti. 2011. Functional clothing – definition and classificationIndian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research 36 (December 2011): 321-6.

Howell, Jared. March 31, 2015. Spinal orthoses: Use and application in adults and pediatricsPhysicalTherapy.Com.

Jayson, Michael I. V. 1996. Back painBritish Medical Journal 313 (7053) (August 10): 355-8.

Koes, B. W., M. W. Tulder, and S. Thomas. 2006. Diagnosis and treatment of low back painBritish Medical Journal 332 (7555) (June 17): 1430-4.

Seymour, Ron. 2002. Prosthetics and orthotics 
lower limb and spinal
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Tulder, Maurits Van. 2008. Non-pharmacological treatment for chronic low back painBritish Medical Journal 337 (7667) (August 23): 417-8.

Ullrich, Peter F. J. Lower back pain symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. in Spine-health.com [database online]. Web, 2015 [cited September 15 2016]. Available from http://www.spine-health.com/conditions/lower-back-pain/lower-back-pain-symptoms-diagnosis-and-treatment.

Wagner, Ward. Muscle memory and lower back pain. in Dixie Chiropractic [database online]. Web, 2016 [cited September 15 2016]. Available from http://dixiechiro.com/muscle-memory/.

World Health Organization. Disabilities. in World Health Organization [database online]. Web, [cited September 19 2016]. Available from http://www.who.int/topics/disabilities/en/.

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