Smart watches

Assignment 1: Connected Objects, Internet of Things

A smart watch is a computerized wristwatch with functionality beyond timekeeping. Smart watches, that began with basic functionalities like calculations, translations and game playing, are now effective wearable computers.

They offer various operations like:

  • Running mobile apps
  • Mobile operating systems
  • Portable media players
  • Mobile phone capabilities to answer calls

They can be made more complex in functionality with camera, measurements, GPS navigations, map display, activity tracker, heart rate monitor and so on. It may support Bluetooth, Wi-Fi or GPS and may be enabled to control and retrieve external data.

There are multiple companies offering smart watches in the market today. Some of them support mobile phones like:

  • Samsung
  • LG
  • Apple
  • Sony
  • Motorola
  • Pebble
  • i’m
  • Martian
  • Etc

The Hamilton Watch Company introduced the first smart watch in 1972 with a digital display created from LEDs. They progressed from including Microsoft Office in 1994 to a Linux wristwatch in 1998 to integrated speaker and microphone in 1999. In 2000, it was upgraded with accelerometer, vibrating mechanism, calendar, Bluetooth, 8MB RAM, 16MB flash memory and fingerprint censor. Since then, it has been launched with features like Palm OS, LCD display, an external Bluetooth display, and eventually smartphone capability.


  • ‘Smartwatch’, accessed Sept 10 2015,
  • ’10 Sci-Fi Connected Objects that came true’, accessed Sept 10 2015,
  • ‘Pulsar (Watch)’, accessed Sept 10 2015,


Assignment 1: Connected Objects, Internet of Things

Drone is the common name for and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). They are used in situations where manned flights are risky or difficult.

There are 2 types of UAV:

  • Autonomous aircraft – operated by an automatic system
  • Remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) – operated by an external operator on the ground

UAVs have six functional categories:

  • Target and decoy
  • Reconnaissance
  • Combat
  • Logistics
  • Research and development
  • Civil and commercial

The use of drones is shifting from primarily military to other civil aspects like commercial surveillance, filmmaking, journalism, law enforcement, search and rescue and so on.

A lot of companies like Frog Design or Good Drones LLC are in the practice of designing drones to aid everyday life. For instance, Frog Design came up with a drone concept called ‘Firestorm’, which is fire rescue drone to scout victims before the rescue squad prepares to enter. Another concept is ‘Cyclodrone’, a flying beacon connected to the bike rider’s phone, on a predetermined route. Its purpose is to improve visibility and reduce accidents on narrow roads.